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What does the phrase "by default" mean? Does it relate to the meaning of default on a computer?

I know what default means as related to settings on a computer, but what other ways can this word be used? Thanks.



Best Answer - Chosen by Asker

It means the same thing as it does with computers: if no other action is taken, the default action will occur or the default condition will, or will continue to, exist. If you are not male, by default you are female (the only other possible condition). If mom asks what you want for dinner and you do not take the action of telling her, by default you will have whatever she cooks. If you want to go to the movies with either Bill or John and Bill can't go, by default you will go with John. If the grass is dry and you do not water it, it will remain dry. A team cannot win a game it is obligated to play if it does not play the game, so it loses by default: by lack of the action of playing.

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Asker's Comment:

i liked your examples, but i liked the first answerer's definition of by default meaning something happens automatically w/o change or effort.

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Other Answers (4)

by default means automatically; something happens without change or effort. An example- Rams quarterbacks Marc Bulger and Kyle Boller are both injured, by default the third quarterback, Keith Null, must get the start.

When something happens automatically.

By Default is a term used in sports when a team doesn't show up. The other team wins, by default.

You defaulted on a loan payment...you didn't pay the loan

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He will go to Beijing to watch the Olympic Games in ___summer of 2008





這是特指2008年的夏天 要加the


一般泛泛上講 不加 如:The weather will become very hot in summer



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高級助理研究員 黃豐鑑
關鍵字: guts 油價政策立場反覆 上吐(杜)下洩(謝)


        行政院副院長邱義仁以「Guts」(有膽識)稱贊他的院長長官張俊雄「撐住油價機制」的這個字,被馬英九拿 來嘲諷張俊雄,說他對油價政策立場反覆,好像他的「膽」被「手術移除」一般。未料張院長於電視鏡頭前語態扭捏地說不清講什麼後,才勉強洴出:「這是我的 Privacy(隱私),希望容許我來保留。」院長講話的口齒,給人的感覺好像從來沒有這般虛偽過。也難怪,貴為全國最高行政長官,好的政積一項也沒,卻 是對物價漲、油價漲、治安壞,袖手無策,更痛苦的還有僚屬閣員們上吐(杜)下洩(謝)不斷,「五元」「小車」凸槌不停。不然,一個人割除膽又有什麼見不得 人嗎?何必如此像小媳婦一般,哪像堂堂行政院長之尊呢?
        再說,世界上割除膽器官的大有人在,這些人還不是活得健健康康,快快樂樂的。更何況,張院長雖然以無膽之士還能位居高堂之上,那何需要對割除膽一事上鏡 頭,博社會同情?還是要更高職位?一大把年紀的老人還在鏡頭前如此膽怯怯,這麼難以啟齒,真是丟人現臉,有何意義?


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引用來源: http://yyachu.blogspot.com/2011/02/1.html


注意 : 這不是一堂美食評鑑會喔~是學習平常在美國也吃得到的單字!
( 吃的東西在台灣都買的到! 這裡只分享有吃到的食物和照片~)

想到前幾天,實驗室在老師家辦party,負責採買的我到好事多可是買了pizza 4盒、壽司4盒、烤全雞2隻、生菜沙拉4盒、小雞腿1盒、石安牧場布丁5盒、飲料7大瓶、水果700元...
blue cheese 藍紋乳酪
這是加了bacteria(細菌)的乳酪! 感覺作法挺像本國的臭豆腐阿!!

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Mail Email的用法 (ps: 作動詞使用時要加to)



W3S3 n [U] [Sense: 1-3; Date: 1200-1300; Language: Old French; Origin: male 'bag']
[Sense: 4; Date: 1200-1300; Language: French; Origin: maille, from Latin macula 'spot, woven threads']
1. the letters and packages that are delivered to you:
She's been reading my private mail.
When he got to the office he found a mountain of mail waiting for him.
He promised to forward my mail to my new address. (=send it from my old home or office)
He gets sacks of fan mail . (=letters from people who admire him and are his fans)
hate mail (=letters from people saying that they hate you)
2. especially AmE the system of collecting and delivering letters and packages: British Equivalent: post
The mail here's really slow and unreliable.
The product will be sold mainly through the mail.
in the mail
I'll put the check in the mail tomorrow.
by mail
Did you send the document by mail?
registered/express/first-class etc mail
I sent my application by registered mail.

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Dell Adamo review

By posted April 13th 2009 2:13PM

From the beginning, Dell's Adamo line of laptops have been anything but status quo. Starting with the company's viral "leaks" on phony fashion sites, straight on to the weird launch / non-launch at CES, and culminating with a burst of PR boasting the systems' surprisingly low-powered internals and freakishly high price-point, it's been nothing if not noteworthy. Now we've finally had a chance to see how Dell's answer to the MacBook Air (and X301 for good measure) performs in the real world. The big question? Is this beauty worth the time and trouble... and that big outlay of green? Read on for an in-depth look at what the Adamo does -- and doesn't -- deliver on.

Update: Dell pinged to let us know that the covering on the lid and screen is actually glass -- we've updated the review to reflect (no pun intended) that info.

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Dell Adamo ultrathin laptop rumors surface

By posted December 18th 2008 4:56PM

According to the New York Times, Dell may have a little surprise on the way. Based on some wild trademark searches, a tiny bit of digging on the "internet" using a "search engine," and the lack of eye contact from the company's VP in charge of consumer sales (Michael Tatelman), there's a MacBook Air rival beneath all this subterfuge. It seems that the brand name "Adamo" is registered to the computer-maker with a site to match, and somehow the fashion blog (!?) Uptownlife.net came up with this gem: "Rumor has it that Dell is coming out with a computer called Adamo that will rival the MacBook Air." How they came up with that is anyone's guess, but apparently the look on Tatelman's face when asked about it was enough to convince at least one journalist that this is a done deal. Us? Well we're going to wait and see, but we're happy to work with Commander Adamo as soon as we see him.

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Jason圖片字典:apricot : 杏,杏子,黃色桃子,很像桃子的水果,沒有毛的桃子



Also known botanically as Prunus armeniaca,or "Armenian plum", this well-known fruit is native to the Asian regions of Himalaya, China, Armenia and is currently grown in several regions with climates ranging from sub-tropical to temperate and mediterranean.

A sliced apricot showing the "stone"

Apricot trees are very prolific: they can reach 12-15 feet in height and yield fruit for up to 20-25 years.

These trees grow with ovate leaves, about 5-10 cm in diameter and length, with a pointy tip.

Flowers have light pink petals, and only reach a size of about 3-4 cm. Apricot trees produce a fruit similar to peaches, with a yellow, pale color that becomes deep orange when ripe, and it often becomes red on the region most exposed to sunlight. Apricots also contain a single seed, surrounded by a hard, woody shell called "stone".

The inner seed can be eaten and has a taste very similar to almonds, but it contains small quantities of cyanide and should therefore be consumed with caution: it can lead to cyanide poisoning.

Nowadays, apricots are cultivated in several countries with different climates, with the most important being Turkey, Iran, Italy, Pakistan and Greece, but several other countries contribute heavily to apricot production.

In the USA, most apricots are produced in California (about 95% of total output), while in Australia apricots are confined to the southern regions.


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Jason圖片字典:Nectarine: 油桃,美國桃子,沒有毛的桃子

Sweet Nectarine Recipes

Nectarines are terrific for a snack or dessert, but they also can be used to create a variety of other recipes from breakfast to dinner. Here are a few of fantastic nectarine recipes that you will really love.

Nectarine bran muffins

Makes 12 servings
Cook time: 25 minutes

Nectarine bran muffins


  • 1 cup all-bran cereal
  • 1/2 cup orange juice
  • 1 cup flour
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • 2 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 egg
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 cup fresh California nectarines, chopped (about 1-1/2 nectarines)


Combine cereal and orange juice; let stand several minutes for bran to absorb juice. In a separate bowl, combine flour, sugar, baking powder and salt.

Stir egg and oil into bran until well mixed. Add bran mixture and chopped nectarines to dry ingredients; stir only until dry ingredients are moistened. (Batter will be thick and lumpy.)

Spoon batter into 12 greased 2-1/2 inch muffin cups. Bake in 400 degrees F oven for 25 minutes or until golden brown. Remove from pan and serve hot.
Moroccan chicken naanini

Moroccan chicken naanini

Makes 4 servings
Prep time: 30 minutes
Cook time: 30 minutes
Chill time: 2 Hour marinate


  • 4 boneless, skinless chicken breasts
  • 1/2 cup harissa paste
  • 1/2 cup fresh lime juice
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 4 naan bread, halved
  • 1 tablespoon canola or vegetable oil
  • 4 large roasted red bell pepper strips

Nectarine Chutney

  • 2 cup peeled, chopped ripe California nectarines (2-3 nectarines)
  • 1/2 cup minced shallots
  • 1/3 cup white wine vinegar
  • 1/3 cup brown sugar
  • 1 1/2 tablespoon grated fresh ginger
  • 1/4 teaspoon each: cinnamon and ground allspice


Place chicken breasts between plastic wrap and pound to flatten. Add harissa paste, lime juice and salt in a large resealable plastic bag. Knead bag to mix, then add chicken.

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Lacquer Boxes

Lacquer boxes

The original "Kiribako" (Pawlonia wood boxes) were used in the Edo period to store kimono, obi, stationery, or to present gifts at a wedding. As the cost of the wood grew over time, these lacquered paper versions were introduced.

Sturdy, shiny, and simply stunning in their own right, they make organizing - and gift-giving - beautiful.

  • Small w gold squares - 6.25 x 5.25 x 1.25"
  • Square - 8.1 x 8.1 x 2.8"
  • Medium - 8.25 x 11.75 x 2.5"
  • Large - 14 x 10 x 3"
  • Deep - 14 x 8 x 5"

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