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目前日期文章:201206 (13)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要


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告人的用法  


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不規則名詞單複數 (單數, 複數)之區別

 

不規則動詞單複數之區別  


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in and on 的用法  


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男性短短袖,無袖內衣 athletic shirt 和 tank top 的差別  


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內褲的英文用法  


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(iii)

Modern archeological finds (artifacts found during an archaeological dig

) can still contribute much to the study of ancient literature. For example, forty years ago a survey of the early Greek dramatist Aeschylus’ plays would have started with The Suppliant Women. Many factors internal to the play, but perhaps most especially the prominence of the chorus合唱,choir (which in this play has the main role), led scholars to consider it one of Aeschylus’ earlier works. The consensus was that here was a drama truly reflecting an early stage in the evolution of tragedy out of choral lyric. The play was dated as early as the 490’s B.C., in any event, well before Aeschylus play The Persians of 472 B.C. Then in 1952, a fragment of papyrus found at Oxyrhynchus was published stating the official circumstances and results of a dramatic contest. The fragment announced that Aeschylus won first prize with his Danaid tetralogy (a series of four dramas or operas), of which The Suppliant Women is the opening play, and defeated Sophocles in the process. Sophocles did not compete in any dramatic contest before 468 B.C., when he won his first victory. Hence, except by special pleading (e.g., that the tetralogy was composed early in Aeschylus’ career but not produced until the 460’s B.C.), the Danaid tetralogy must be put after 468 B.C. In addition, a few letters in the fragment suggest the name Archedemides, archon in 463 B.C., thus perhaps tying the plays to that precise date, almost exactly halfway between Aeschylus’ Seven Against Thebes of 467 B.C. and his Oresteia.

 

Oxyrhynchus


Archaeological site,
Egypt, on the western bank of the Nile River.

Many ancient papyri dating from 250 BC to AD 700 were discovered there in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The papyri, written mainly in Greek and Latin, contain both religious texts and masterpieces of Greek classical literature. Some of these texts, once considered lost, were by Pindar and Callimachus. The modern
village of Al-Bahnasā is located on the site.

 

The implication of the papyrus administered a severe shock to the vast majority of classical scholars, who had confidently asserted that not only the role of the chorus but also language, metrics, and characterization all pointed to an early date. The discovery has resulted in no less than a total reevaluation of every chronological criterion that has been applied to or derived from Aeschylus’ plays. The activity has been brisk, and a new creed has now spread. The prominence of the chorus in The Suppliant Women now is seen not as a sign of primitivism but as analogous to the massive choral/ chorus / choir / songs of the Oresteia. Statistics have been formulated系統地闡述(或說明), or reformulated, to show that stylistically The Suppliant Women does actually occupy a position after The Persians and Seven Against Thebes, which now become the “primitive” plays, and before the Oresteia. While the new doctrine seems almost certainly correct, the only one papyrus fragment raises the specter that another may be unearthed, showing that it was a posthumous production of the Danaid tetralogy which prevailed over Sophocles, and throwing the date once more into utter confusion. This is unlikely to happen, but it warns us that perhaps the most salutary feature of the papyrus scrap is its message of the extreme difficulty of the classifying and categorizing rigidly the development of a creative artist.

 

21.The passage primarily focuses on

(A)  recounting the effect of one archeological find on modern ideas concerning a particular author’s work

(B)  discussing a series of modern archeological finds and their impact on the study of Greek literature

(C)  illustrating the many varieties ofdifficulties involved in establishing facts concerning ancient literature

(D)  giving a definite and coherent account of the chronology of a particular author’s work

(E)   determining the exact value of archeological finds in relation to the history of ancient literature

 

22.Regarding the study of ancient literature, which of the following statements best expresses the author’s main point in terms of modern archeological finds?

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文法名稱英漢對照表

英文 中文
ablaut 母音變換
absolute
genitive absolute
獨立句
所有格獨立句
accent
acute
circumflex
grave
重音 / 讀音符號
揚音
抑揚音
抑音
accusative of reference 指稱性受格
adjective
adjectival
形容詞
形容詞的
adverb
adverbial
副詞
副詞的
agreement (性別 /數式 /位格 /人稱)一致
accusative of reference 指稱性受格
anacoluthon 破格文體
anarthrous 無冠詞的
antecedent (代名詞的)前述詞 / 前置詞
aorist 不定過去式 / 簡單過去式
aposiopesis 說話中斷法
apparatus 鑑別註釋
apposition 同位語 / 同位詞
article
articular
definite article
冠詞
有冠詞的
定冠詞
aspect
punctiliar
linear
perfect
(動詞)型態 / 觀點
點態
線態
完成態
aspirate 送氣音 (h音)
assimilation 同化
assonance 半諧音 (母音相同,子音不同)
attraction 形態同化
attributive 屬性 / 修飾性的
augment 增音、加增(字首元音字母,構成動詞過去式)
breathing mark
smooth breathing
rough breathing
氣號
清音

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one/both/some/most/all ... of 用法第四冊  
有問題要問哦!

引用來源: http://210.240.55.2/~t311/moe/engb4/b4grammar/b4oneof.htm


標題句:One of my friends is a doctor.
    Several of his classmates speak English well.
    I need a pair of shorts.
    The book looks like old ones.

結 構:數量不定代名詞(含不定代名詞 one, ones)、單位量詞

 

若你對於數量代名詞的用法不是很清楚,建議先從這些先了解起,再回來研究本句型。

本課的句型所要表達的意思,和中文的「(某個群體/團體) 之中的‧‧‧」相當, 故要使用本句型,首先要能體會上述的中文意思,方能運用自如。

1. 句型:

one
any
both
two
 ‧
 ‧

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今 天在看MIB3時聽到一個有趣的字: city mile. 白話就是未老先衰或是台語的:老起來放。解釋如下: City Miles , city miles meaning , definition of city miles , what is city miles - (Adj) A physical appearance suggesting an individual has lived a tough existance; usually as a result of substance abuse. The term originates from the distinction between a car that has "city miles" versus "highway miles."
Some examples : I really don't believe that Kate is 32. If she really is that age, she's got some serious City Miles.

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iPad真是太好用了^ ^上課時可以隨時畫給小朋友看!
相片: iPad真是太好用了^ ^上課時可以隨時畫給小朋友看!

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Wow, 沒想到我的iPad作筆記及教學的功能這麼強大(≧∇≦)
Wow, 沒想到我的iPad作筆記及交學的功能這麼強大(≧∇≦)
相片: Wow, 沒想到我的iPad作筆記及交學的功能這麼強大(≧∇≦)

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第一次初步整理由的文法名稱翻譯
相片: 第一次初步整理由的文法名稱翻譯

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