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目前日期文章:201308 (104)

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這部電影的兩株百年玉蘭花及花園的拍攝場景就位於我新家的正對面。當我發現的時候真的驚訝不已 :D http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vc7RmxWrRW8#t=238
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超級全能住宅改造王 回訪1) 重訪改造住宅特集

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Powering the Industrial Revolution

In Britain one of the most dramatic changes of the Industrial Revolution was the harnessingrein of power. Until

the reign (sovereign power / sovereignty) of George (1760-1820), available sources of power for work and travel had not increased since the

Middle Ages. There were three sources of power: animal or human muscles; the wind, operating on sail or

windmill; and running water. Only the last of these was suited at all to the continuous operating of machines, and

although waterpower abounded in Lancashire(borough / municipality / autonomy/ in northwestern England) and Scotland (country in the northern part of the island of Great Britain,)and ran推動 grain mills as well as textile mills, it had one

great disadvantage: streams flowed where nature intended them to, and water-driven factories had to be located

on their banks whether or not the location was desirable for other reasons不論是不是合適工廠選址. Furthermore, even the most reliable

waterpower varied with the seasons and disappeared in a drought. The new age of machinerymachines collectively, in short, could not

have been born without a new source of both movable and constant power.

Middle Ages

period in European history which began after the collapse of the West Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries and continued until the Renaissance in 15th century



The source had long been known but not exploited/ exploitation. Early in the eighteenth century, a pumpㄅㄥˋ. 唧筒 had come into

use in which expanding steam (evaporation/ give off steam or vapor/ mist) raised a piston (moving cylinder used to compress gas fluid or air)in a cylindertube, and atmospheric pressure brought it down again

when the steam condensed inside the cylinder to form a vacuum void. This atmospheric engine, 大氣引擎∥invented by Thomas

Savery and vastly improved by his partner, Thomas Newcomen, embodied (incarnate; incorporate, manifest / manifest or personify in concrete form)revolutionary principles 被賦予革命性的工作原理, but it was so

slow and wasteful of fuel that it could not be employed outside the coal mines for which it had been designed. In

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William Smith

In 1769 in a little town in Oxfordshirecounty in south central England, England, a child with the very ordinary name of William Smith was

born into the poor family of a village blacksmith. He received rudimentary village schooling, but mostly he

roamed / nomadic / nomad / his uncle's farm collecting the fossils that were so abundant / abandon / in the rocks of the Cotswold hills . When he

grew older, William Smith taught himself surveying from books he bought with his small savings / savings account / checking account / , and at the age

of eighteen he was apprenticed to / trainee, pupil a surveyor of the local parish / preach/ missionary / father / bishop. He then proceeded to teach himself geology , and

when he was twenty-four, he went to work for the company that was excavating/ exhume the Somerset Coal Canal in the

south of England. / village / valley /

l      archeology: fossil / anthropology : artifacts / antique/ ruins / geologist: the earth crust


This was before the steam locomotive / tube / piston / cylinder, and canal building was at its height / heyday/ prime . The companies building the

canals to transport coal needed surveyors to help them find the coal deposits worth mining as well as to

determine the best courses for the canals. This job gave Smith an opportunity to study the fresh rock outcrops

created by the newly dug canal. He later worked on similar jobs across the length and breadth of England,

all the while studying the newly revealed strata and collecting all the fossils he could find. Smith used mail coaches to

travel as much as 10,000 miles per year. In 1815 he published the first modern geological map, A Map of the

Strata of England and Wales with a Part of Scotland, a map so meticulously researched that it can still be used



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Radiocarbon dating

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Radiocarbon dating (or simply carbon dating) is a radiometric dating technique that uses the decay of carbon-14 (14
C) to estimate the age of organic materials, such as wood and leather, up to about 58,000 to 62,000 years.[1] Carbon dating was presented to the world by Willard Libby in 1949, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Since its introduction it has been used to date many items, including samples of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Shroud of Turin, enough Egyptian artifacts to supply a chronology of Dynastic Egypt,[2] and Ötzi the Iceman.[3]




n. form of a chemical element which has the same atomic number as the other forms but a different atomic weight (Chemistry)


The Earth's atmosphere contains various isotopes of carbon, roughly in constant proportions. These include the main stable isotope (12
C) and an unstable isotope (14
C). Through photosynthesis, plants absorb both forms from carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. When an organism dies, it contains the standard ratio of 14
C to 12
C, but as the 14
C decays with no possibility of replenishment, the proportion of carbon 14 decreases at a known constant rate. The time taken for it to reduce by half is known as the half-life of 14
C. The measurement of the remaining proportion of 14
C in organic matter thus gives an estimate of its age (a raw radiocarbon age).[4] However, over time there are small fluctuations in the ratio of 14
C to 12
C in the atmosphere, fluctuations that have been noted in natural records of the past, such as sequences of tree rings and cave deposits. These records allow fine-tuning, or "calibration", of the raw radiocarbon age, to give a more accurate estimate of the calendar date of the material.

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2013-06-29-a 138  

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猜猜我是什麼? 答案:開瓶器@@
· · · 推廣 · 約 1 小時前Chupei 附近 ·
Jason Pin 新增了 5 張相片。

約 1 小時前Chupei 附近 ·


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· · · 推廣 · 標記朋友 · 約 1 小時前Hsinchu ·

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Life on Earth ‘may have begun on Mars’

Life on Earth 'may have begun on Mars'Mars could be the origin of minerals needed to create life (Picture: AP)

Life on Earth may have started on Mars and been blasted onto our planet by meteorites or volcanic eruptions, a major scientific conference has heard.

An element believed to be crucial to the origin of life would only have been available on the surface of the Red Planet, it is claimed.

Geochemist Professor Steven Benner argues that the ‘seeds’ of life probably arrived on Earth in meteorites or via volcanic eruptions.

As evidence he points to the oxidised mineral form of the element molybdenum, thought to be a catalyst that helped organic molecules develop into the first living structures.

‘It’s only when molybdenum becomes highly oxidised that it is able to influence how early life formed,’ said Professor Benner, from The Westheimer Institute for Science and Technology in the United States.

‘This form of molybdenum couldn’t have been available on Earth at the time life first began, because three billion years ago the surface of the Earth had very little oxygen, but Mars did.

‘It’s yet another piece of evidence which makes it more likely life came to Earth on a Martian meteorite, rather than starting on this planet.’

All living things are made from organic matter, but simply adding energy to organic molecules will not create life.

Instead, left to themselves, organic molecules become something more like tar or asphalt, said Professor Benner.

An image from the Mast Camera (Mastcam) on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity shows the surface of the planet with inclined layering known as cross-bedding in an outcrop called "Shaler" on a scale of a few tenths of a meter, or decimeters (1 decimeter is nearly 4 inches) in this NASA handout released January 15, 2013.The minerals from Mars could have come to Earth via volcanic eruptions or meteorites (Picture: Nasa)

He added: ‘Certain elements seem able to control the propensity of organic materials to turn to tar, particularly boron and molybdenum, so we believe that minerals containing both were fundamental to life first starting.

‘Analysis of a Martian meteorite recently showed that there was boron on Mars – we now believe that the oxidised form of molybdenum was there too.’

Another reason why life would have struggled to start on Earth was that it was likely to have been covered by water, said Professor Benner.

Water would have prevented sufficient concentrations of boron forming and is corrosive to RNA, a DNA cousin believed to be the first genetic molecule to appear.

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Jason出功課:誹謗 的分類及英文用法?答對有獎 :)

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本週密碼有點難,需要發揮點想像力哦 :D

本週密碼提示 :客讓你 (被你** 後,不想跟你計較)

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< >英文讀法:

這兩種符號其實也是 bracket 大括號,中括號,小括號 的其中一種。讀法如下:


( )  { }  ⟨ ⟩
Parentheses  Braces or curly brackets  Chevrons or angle brackets


再者,這兩個符號也以用於數學裡的 大於 及小於 符號。其用法如下:

Less-than sign

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The less-than sign is a sign of inequality. For example, less-than 4 would be written as "< 4"


The less-than sign (<) is an original ASCII character (hex 3C, decimal 60).

Angle brackets

The less-than sign is used for an approximation of the opening angle bracket (⟨). ASCII does not have angle brackets.

Programming language

In BASIC, Lisp-family languages, and C-family languages (including Java and C++), operator < means "less than".

In Coldfusion, operator .lt. means "less than".

In Fortran, operator .LT. means "less than"; later versions allow <.

In Bourne shell, operator -lt means "less than".

Double less-than sign

The double less-than sign (<<) is used for an approximation of the much-less-than sign (≪). ASCII does not have much-less-than sign.

The double less-than sign (<<) is used for an approximation of the opening guillemet («). ASCII does not have guillemets.

In Bash, Perl, and Ruby, operator <<EOF (where "EOF" is an arbitrary string, but commonly "EOF" denoting "end of file") is used to denote the beginning of a here document.

In C and C++, operator << represents a binary left shift.

In C++, operator <<, when applied on an output stream, acts as insertion operator and performs an output operation on the stream.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
[ ]
( )  { }  ⟨ ⟩
Parentheses  Braces or curly brackets  Chevrons or angle brackets
apostrophe ( ’ ' )
brackets ( [ ], ( ), { }, ⟨ ⟩ )
colon ( : )
comma ( , ، 、 )
dash ( , –, —, ― )
ellipsis ( …, ..., . . . )
exclamation mark ( ! )
full stop / period ( . )
hyphen ( )
hyphen-minus ( - )
question mark ( ? )
quotation marks ( ‘ ’, “ ”, ' ', " " )
semicolon ( ; )
slash / stroke / solidus ( /,  ⁄  )
Word dividers
interpunct ( · )
space ( ) ( ) ( )
General typography
ampersand ( & )
asterisk ( * )
at sign ( @ )
backslash ( \ )
bullet ( )
caret ( ^ )
dagger ( †, ‡ )
degree ( ° )
ditto mark ( )
inverted exclamation mark ( ¡ )
inverted question mark ( ¿ )
number sign / pound / hash ( # )
numero sign ( )
obelus ( ÷ )
ordinal indicator ( º, ª )
percent, per mil ( %, ‰ )
plus and minus ( + − )
basis point ( )
pilcrow ( )
prime ( ′, ″, ‴ )
section sign ( § )
tilde ( ~ )
underscore / understrike ( _ )
vertical bar / broken bar / pipe ( ¦, | )
Intellectual property
copyright symbol ( © )
registered trademark ( ® )
service mark ( )
sound recording copyright ( )
trademark ( )
currency (generic) ( ¤ )
currency (specific)
( ฿ ¢ $ ƒ £ ¥ )
Uncommon typography
asterism ( )
hedera ( )
index / fist ( )
interrobang ( )
irony punctuation ( )
lozenge ( )
reference mark ( )
tie ( )
diacritical marks
logic symbols
whitespace characters
non-English quotation style ( « », „ ” )
In other scripts
Chinese punctuation
Hebrew punctuation
Japanese punctuation
Korean punctuation

Brackets are tall punctuation marks used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text. Used unqualified, brackets refer to different types of brackets in different parts of the world and in different contexts.

List of types

  • ( ) — parentheses, round brackets, soft brackets, or circle brackets[citation needed]
  • [ ] — square brackets, closed brackets, hard brackets, or brackets (US)[citation needed]
  • { } — braces (UK and US), flower brackets (India), French brackets, curly brackets, definite brackets, swirly brackets, curly braces, birdie brackets, Scottish brackets, squirrelly brackets, gullwings, seagulls, squiggly brackets, Tuborg brackets (DK), accolades (NL), or fancy brackets[citation needed]
  • ⟨ ⟩ — pointy brackets, angle brackets, triangular brackets, diamond brackets, tuples, or chevrons[citation needed]
  • < > — inequality signs, pointy brackets, or brackets. Sometimes referred to as angle brackets, in such cases as HTML markup. Occasionally known as broken brackets or brokets.[1]
  • ⸤ ⸥; 「 」 — corner brackets

Characters ‹ › and « », known as guillemets or angular quote brackets, are actually quotation mark glyphs used in several European languages.[citation needed]


The chevron was the earliest type of bracket to appear in written English. Desiderius Erasmus coined the term lunula to refer to the rounded parentheses (), recalling the shape of the crescent moon.[2]


In addition to referring to the class of all types of brackets, the unqualified word bracket is most commonly used to refer to a specific type of bracket. In modern American usage this is usually the square bracket and in modern British usage this is usually the parenthesis.

In American usage, parentheses are usually considered separate from other brackets, and calling them "brackets" at all is unusual even though they serve a similar function. In more formal usage, "parenthesis" may refer to the entire bracketed text, not just to the punctuation marks used (so all the text in this set of round brackets may be said to be a parenthesis or a parenthetical).[3]

According to early typographic practice, brackets are never set in italics, even when the surrounding characters are italic.[4]


Parentheses ( )

Parentheses /pəˈrɛnθɨsz/ (singular, parenthesis /pəˈrɛnθɨsɨs/) (also called simply brackets, or round brackets, curved brackets, oval brackets, or, colloquially, parens) contain material that could be omitted without destroying or altering the meaning of a sentence (in most writing, overuse of parentheses is usually a sign of a badly structured text)[according to whom?]. A milder effect may be obtained by using a pair of commas as the delimiter, though if the sentence contains commas for other purposes, visual confusion may result.

Parentheses may be used in formal writing to add supplementary information, such as "Sen. John McCain (R., Arizona) spoke at length." They can also indicate shorthand for "either singular or plural" for nouns – e.g., "the claim(s)" – or for "either masculine or feminine" in some languages with grammatical gender.[5]

Parenthetical phrases have been used extensively in informal writing and stream of consciousness literature. Examples include the southern American author William Faulkner (see Absalom, Absalom! and the Quentin section of The Sound and the Fury) as well as poet E. E. Cummings. Parentheses have historically been used where the dash is currently used—that is, in order to depict alternatives, such as "parenthesis)(parentheses". Examples of this usage can be seen in editions of Fowler's.

Parentheses may be nested (generally with one set (such as this) inside another set). This is not commonly used in formal writing (though sometimes other brackets [especially square brackets] will be used for one or more inner set of parentheses [in other words, secondary {or even tertiary} phrases can be found within the main parenthetical sentence]).[6]

Any punctuation inside parentheses or other brackets is independent of the rest of the text: "Mrs. Pennyfarthing (What? Yes, that was her name!) was my landlady." In this usage, the explanatory text in the parentheses is a parenthesis. (Parenthesized text is usually short and within a single sentence. Where several sentences of supplemental material are used in parentheses the final full stop would be within the parentheses. Again, the parenthesis implies that the meaning and flow of the text is supplemental to the rest of the text and the whole would be unchanged were the parenthesized sentences removed.)

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說自己買了這間屋子完全是出於衝動也不為過。當初我只是全然的愛上了這屋子四周所環繞的森林與農場。後來發現了這屋子所在地的路名也蠻特別的,叫做柯仔湳路。一查之下,竟然跑出了美麗的名字: 赤楊。原來柯仔湳又叫 赤楊,而環顧屋子四周的森林竟然就是赤楊樹。真是饒富詩意啊!我想,我跟這屋子還真是有緣啊!以下是Wiki百科的解釋:



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記得很小的時候讀過這一篇非常讓自己感動的文章。這也觸發了自己對於 玉蘭花 一輩子的情感與記憶.....






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<iframe width="420" height="315" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/Vc7RmxWrRW8" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
無 字幕版 http://youtu.be/yZ9qZZxaVGw 很喜歡黃韻玲老師這首歌 剛開始因為這首歌並沒有MV版本 因此自己用既有素材剪了一下分享 若有侵犯版權請告知謝謝 演唱:黃韻玲 詞:自從 曲:黃韻玲 鍾興民 牽著手 大步走 我們都是好朋友 只可惜 這是夢 女朋友 男朋友 怎麼都失去聯絡 流浪太久 連...

· · · 推廣 · 27分鐘前 ·

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我的第二個兒子(新買的第二間房子)面對的就是影片裡的這片玉蘭花農場啊 ! 裡面有兩棵百年玉蘭樹,是農場主人從阿公時代流傳下來的。這裡也是電影 "女朋友男朋友"






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