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各種文體在英文裡的用法 The usage of Fairy tale / anecdote / urban legend / legend / fable / myth / parable / allegory / epic / saga/

story

n. true or fictional account of some occurrence; short work of fiction; plot; news report; joke, anecdote; lie, fib; floor, level in a building

 

tale


tale tales
1. [N-COUNT; N-IN-NAMES]
A tale is a story, often involving magic or exciting events.
    ...a collection of stories, poems and folk tales...
2. [N-COUNT: usu with supp, oft N of n]
You can refer to an interesting, exciting, or dramatic account of a real event as a tale.
    The media have been filled with tales of horror and loss resulting from Monday's earthquake.
= story
see also fairy tale, old wives' tale, tall tale
4. [PHRASE: V inflects]
If you survive a dangerous or frightening experience and so are able to tell people about it afterwards, you can say that you lived to tell the tale.
    You lived to tell the tale this time but who knows how far you can push your luck.
5. [PHRASE: V inflects]
If someone tells tales about you, they tell other people things about you which are untrue or which you wanted to be kept secret.

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從我的 iPad 傳送
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http://pic.pimg.tw/bairdben/1403799949-1040853419.png?v=1403799953

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Jason老師教托福:訣竅三, 題目的介系詞要小心。



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Jason老師教托福: 訣竅2, 主詞被偷還的句子一定不是正確答案。



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Jason老師教托福: 計巧1,Perhaps為開頭或是藏在句裡面不能作為事實或是主旨。



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4. Explain groupthink and its effects using example of the computer company.
Groupthink is a process in which individual members of a group conform their ideas to the group consensus even if the result may not be well. The professor
n the lecture uses his personal experience in a computer company to illustrate this process. Once he and his co-worker suggested to give their computer a design make-over to look cooler in order to attract new customers. At first, the majority supported their suggestion. But there were a few senior managers who didn’t support. Then some supporters changed their mind, so did the professor’s co-worker. The co-worker changed his mind because he didn’t want to make a bad impression on senior managers. He thought disagreeing with them might harm his future promotion. Then after a long discussion and with more and more people sided with senior managers, the professor himself thought he was the only one who’s delaying the decision. Then, he voted against himself. So they all agreed not to have this design make-over. At last, the company lost profit because its competitors came up with good-looking computers and win more customers.


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1. Talk about a book you have read that was important to you for some reason. Explain why the book was important to you. Give specific details and examples to explain your answer.
Recently, I read a book named Keep the aspidistra flying written by George Orwell. The book influences me a lot because the story has something that touches my heart. The story talks about a man who wants to be a poet and who abandons many well-paying jobs to pursue his dream of being a poet. I have a similar experience of quitting a very good job in order to be a writer. Also, the man in the story is lack of money because he works as a bookstore assistant and thus has a very low salary. He lives in a shabby apartment and sometimes have no money to buy food. Again, I’ve got similar experience. I once lived in a cramped apartment alone and had no money. The book is important to me because it touches me and gives me encouragement to persist.


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1. Talk about a book you have read that was important to you for some reason. Explain why the book was important to you. Give specific details and examples to explain your answer.
Recently, I read a book named Keep the aspidistra flying written by George Orwell. The book influences me a lot because the story has something that touches my heart. The story talks about a man who wants to be a poet and who abandons many well-paying jobs to pursue his dream of being a poet. I have a similar experience of quitting a very good job in order to be a writer. Also, the man in the story is lack of money because he works as a bookstore assistant and thus has a very low salary. He lives in a shabby apartment and sometimes have no money to buy food. Again, I’ve got similar experience. I once lived in a cramped apartment alone and had no money. The book is important to me because it touches me and gives me encouragement to persist.


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今日托福之補充資料之1 (6 張相片)
Jason Pin 的相片。
Jason Pin 的相片。
Jason Pin 的相片。
Jason Pin 的相片。
Jason Pin 的相片。

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14:50

TPO 7 Lecture 2 Biology

l          Pro: So, that is how elephant uses infra sound. Now, let‘s talk about the other

and the acoustic spectrums, sound that is too high for humans to

hear---ultrasounds. Ultrasound is used by many animals that detected and

some of them seen(sent) out very high frequency sounds. So, what is a good

example? Yes, Kayo.

Kayo: Well, bats, since there is (they are )all blind, bets have to use sound for, you know,

to keep them from flying in the things(in to things ).

Pro: That is echolocation. Echolocation is pretty self-explanatory; using

echoes reflected sound waves to located things. As Kayo said that bat used for

navigation and orientation.

 

Naval / navel

 

And what is else. Make.

Make: Well, finding food is always important, and I guess not becoming food

for other animals.

Pro: Right, on both accounts. Avoiding other predators, and locating prey,

typically insects that fly around it at night. Before I go on, let me just respond

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本周托福聽力文稿

TPO 7 Lecture 3 Anthropology 04:45

Anthropology , archeology, paleontology/ palaeontology

Native, local , aborigine原生種 , aboriginal

Region , area , district

focus on Iroquois and Hooray (Huron) peoples. They lived in the northeastern great lakes region of

North America. Now, back then, their lives depended on the natural resources of the

forests, especially the birch tree. The birch tree can grow in many different types of soils

and it's prevalent in that area. Now can anyone here describe the birch tree?

Stu: They are tall and white, the bark, I mean.

Pro: Yes. The birch tree has white bark, and this tough protective outer layer of the tree,

this white bark, is waterproof. And this waterproof quality of the bark, it made it useful for

** things like cooking containers, a variety of utensils. And if you peel birch bark in

the winter, we call it ‗the winter bark', another layer a tougher inner layer of the tree

adheres to the bark, producing a stronger material. So the winter bark was used for larger

utensils and containers.

Stu: I know people make utensils out of wood, but utensils out of tree bark?

Pro: Well, birch bark is pliable and very easy to bend. The Native Americans would cut

the bark and fold it into any shape they needed, then secure with cords until it dried. They

could fold the bark into many shapes.

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TPO 7 Lecture 3 Anthropology 04:45

Anthropology , archeology, paleontology/ palaeontology

Native, local , aborigine原生種 , aboriginal

Region , area , district

focus on Iroquois and Hooray (Huron) peoples. They lived in the northeastern great lakes region of

North America. Now, back then, their lives depended on the natural resources of the

forests, especially the birch tree. The birch tree can grow in many different types of soils

and it's prevalent in that area. Now can anyone here describe the birch tree?

Stu: They are tall and white, the bark, I mean.

Pro: Yes. The birch tree has white bark, and this tough protective outer layer of the tree,

this white bark, is waterproof. And this waterproof quality of the bark, it made it useful for

** things like cooking containers, a variety of utensils. And if you peel birch bark in

the winter, we call it ‗the winter bark', another layer a tougher inner layer of the tree

adheres to the bark, producing a stronger material. So the winter bark was used for larger

utensils and containers.

Stu: I know people make utensils out of wood, but utensils out of tree bark?

Pro: Well, birch bark is pliable and very easy to bend. The Native Americans would cut

the bark and fold it into any shape they needed, then secure with cords until it dried. They

could fold the bark into many shapes.

Stu: So if they cooked in bowls made of birch bark, wouldn't that make the food taste

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TPO 7 Lecture 3 Anthropology 04:45

Anthropology , archeology, paleontology/ palaeontology

Native, local , aborigine原生種 , aboriginal

Region , area , district

focus on Iroquois and Hooray (Huron) peoples. They lived in the northeastern great lakes region of

North America. Now, back then, their lives depended on the natural resources of the

forests, especially the birch tree. The birch tree can grow in many different types of soils

and it's prevalent in that area. Now can anyone here describe the birch tree?

Stu: They are tall and white, the bark, I mean.

Pro: Yes. The birch tree has white bark, and this tough protective outer layer of the tree,

this white bark, is waterproof. And this waterproof quality of the bark, it made it useful for

** things like cooking containers, a variety of utensils. And if you peel birch bark in

the winter, we call it ‗the winter bark', another layer a tougher inner layer of the tree

adheres to the bark, producing a stronger material. So the winter bark was used for larger

utensils and containers.

Stu: I know people make utensils out of wood, but utensils out of tree bark?

Pro: Well, birch bark is pliable and very easy to bend. The Native Americans would cut

the bark and fold it into any shape they needed, then secure with cords until it dried. They

could fold the bark into many shapes.

Stu: So if they cooked in bowls made of birch bark, wouldn't that make the food taste

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ture 2 Biology

l   Pro: So, that is how elephant uses infra sound. Now, let‘s talk about the other

and the acoustic spectrums, sound that is too high for humans to

hear---ultrasounds. Ultrasound is used by many animals that detected and

some of them seen(sent) out very high frequency sounds. So, what is a good

example? Yes, Kayo.

Kayo: Well, bats, since there is (they are )all blind, bets have to use sound for, you know,

to keep them from flying in the things(in to things ).

Pro: That is echolocation. Echolocation is pretty self-explanatory; using

echoes reflected sound waves to located things. As Kayo said that bat used for

navigation and orientation.

 

Naval / navel

 

And what is else. Make.

Make: Well, finding food is always important, and I guess not becoming food

for other animals.

Pro: Right, on both accounts. Avoiding other predators, and locating prey,

typically insects that fly around it at night. Before I go on, let me just respond

something Kayo was saying--- this idea that is bats are blind. Actually, there

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Beringia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

"Bering land bridge" redirects here. For the proposed series of artificial bridges across the Bering Strait, see Bering Strait crossing.

 

 

"Kamchatka" redirects here. For other uses, see Kamchatka (disambiguation).

Coordinates: title="Show location on an interactive map" class="wmamapbutton noprint" v:shapes="_x0000_i1027">57°N160°E

 

Beringia is a loosely defined region surrounding the Bering Strait, the Chukchi Sea, and the Bering Sea. It includes parts of Chukotka and Kamchatka in Russia as well as Alaska in the United States. In historical contexts it also includes the Bering land bridge, an ancient land bridge roughly 1,000 miles (1,600 km) wide (north to south) at its greatest extent, which connected Asia with North America at various times during the Pleistocene ice ages.

The term Beringia was first coined by the Swedish botanist Eric Hultén in 1937.[1] During the ice ages, Beringia, like most of Siberia and all of Manchuria, was not glaciated because snowfall was very light.[2] It was a grassland steppe, including the land bridge, that stretched for several hundred miles into the continents on either side. It is believed that a small human population of at most a few thousand survived the Last Glacial Maximum in Beringia, isolated from its ancestor populations in Asia for at least 5,000 years, before expanding to populate the Americas sometime after 16,500 years ago, during the Late Glacial Maximum as the American glaciers blocking the way southward melted.[3][4][5][6]

Prior to European colonization Beringia was inhabited by the Yupik peoples on both sides of the straits. This culture remains in the region today along with others. In 2012, the governments of Russia and the United States announced a plan to formally establish "a transboundary area of shared Beringian heritage". Among other things this agreement would establish close ties between the Bering Land Bridge Natural Preserve and the Cape Krusenstern National Monument in the United States; and the planned Beringia National Park in Russia.[7] Additionally since the early 1900s there have been various proposals for creating a bridge or tunnel across the Bering Strait. Proposals for a tunnel have recently gained some traction within the Russian government and in 2011 there were reports that the government intended to move forward.[8][9]

 

The Chukchi Peninsula, Chukotka Peninsula or Chukotski Peninsula (Russian: Чуко́тский полуо́стров, Russian: Чуко́тка), at about 66° N 172° W, is the northeastern extremity of Asia. Its eastern end is at Cape Dezhnev near the village of Uelen. It is bordered by the Chukchi Sea to the north, the Bering Sea to the south, and the Bering Strait to the east. The peninsula is part of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of Russia. The estimated population of the region in 1990 was 155,000.[1]

The peninsula was traditionally the home of the native Chukchi people, some Eskimo peoples (Siberian Yupiks and Sireniki Eskimos), Koryaks, Chuvans, Evens/Lamuts, Yukagirs, and some Russian settlers.

The peninsula lies along the Northern Sea Route (the Northeast passage).

Industries on the peninsula are mining (tin, lead, zinc, gold, and coal), hunting and trapping, reindeer raising, and fishing. See also Providence Bay, Siberia.

 

 

 

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IBT 新托福听力真题文本全收藏制作:先验理性(狗剩)

S: Yeah.

L: But we are still asking you to bring the book back?

S: En-hen.

L: Well, let me take a look and see what the computer says. The title was "Modern

Social Problems"?

L: OK. Oh, I see, it's been recalled/ call bake / revoke. You can keep it all semester as long as no one else requests it.

 

sociology

n. study of the structure and development of human society

 

 

But, someone else has. It looks like one of the professors in the sociology department has

requested it. So you have to bring it back, even though you've got extended borrowing privileges.

You can check out the book again when it's returned in a couple of weeks.

S: But I really need this book right now.

L: Do you need all of it or is there a certain section or chapter you're working with?

IBT 新托福听力真题文本全收藏制作:先验理性(狗剩)

S: I guess there is one particular chapter I've been using lately for a section of my thesis. Why?

L: Well, you can photocopy up to one chapter of the book. Why don't you do that for the chapter

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TPO9_Listening_1_3

climate

n. weather conditions; surrounding conditions

1. [U and C] the typical weather conditions in a particular area:

weather

v. expose to atmospheric conditions; become worn by exposure to the weather; overcome, atmosphere

n. layer of gases surrounding the earth; layer of gases surrounding a planet; climate of a particular region; unit of air pressure (Physics); tone or mood of a place or thing

 

area: a particular part of a country, town etc: in an area

2. a part of a house, office, garden etc that is used for a particular purpose:

 

region: 1. a large area of a country or of the world, usually without exact limits: = area

2. a particular part of someone's body: = area

 

district: 1. an area of a town or the countryside, especially one with particular features: rural/financial/theatre etc district
a house in a pleasant suburban district
2. an area of a country, city etc that has official borders:
a postal district

 

Listen to a part of lecture in an environmental science class.

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TPO9_Listening_1_21

IBT 新托福听力真题文本全收藏制作:先验理性(狗剩)

Listen to part of a lecture in a theater class

Pro: As we have seen, the second half of the 18th century was an exciting time in Europe: it was

not only an age of great invention, but social changes also led to a rise in all sorts of

entertainment, from reading to museums, to travel. And finding himself in the middle of this

excitement was an accomplished 多才多艺的 French painter named Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg.

 

medieval

adj. of or pertaining to the Middle Ages; like the Middle Ages

 

Middle Ages

period in European history which began after the collapse of the West Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries and continued until the Renaissance in 15th century

 

 

renaissance

n. (c. 1350-1600) revival of the arts and learning that began in Italy and spread throughout Europe (most often associated with the works of Michelangelo, Machiavelli, Dante, and Da Vinci)

 

Mediterranean 沒得特瑞你安

adj. of Mediterranean sea; characteristic of the Mediterranean area or peoples

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TPO9_Listening_1_1

Listen to a conversation between a student and her professor.

P: Before we get started, I...I just wanted to say I’m glad you chose food science for your major

courses study.

 

S: Yeah, it seems like a great industry to get involved with. I mean with the four-year degree in

food science, I'll always be able to / capable find a job.

P: You're absolutely right. Before entering academia, I worked as a scientist for several food

manufacturers and for the US Food and Drug Administration. I even worked on a commercial

fishing boat in Alaska a couple of summers while I was an undergraduate. We bring in the day's

catch to a floating漂浮的processor boat where the fish got cleaned, packaged and frozen right at sea.

Undergraduate / bachelor / master / Doctorate : Ph. D. (Doctor of Philosophy ) / Postdoctoral Researcher Fellow /

 

doctorate

n. highest degree awarded by a graduate school (such as a Ph.D., Ed.D., etc.); doctor's degree, degree given to a graduate of a medical or dental school

 

freshman / sophomore / junior / senior

 

S: That's amazing! As a matter of fact, I'm sort of interested in food packaging.

P: Well, for that, you'll need a strong background in physics, math and chemistry.

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