The state is a network of exchanged benefits and beliefs, (i) _____ between rulers and citizens based on those laws and procedures that are (ii) _____ to the maintenance of community.

Blank(i)

Blank(ii)

  • A a compromise
  • B an equivalence
  • C a reciprocity
  • D  inimical
  • E  subsidiary
  • F  conducive

正確答案:CF

解析添加解析

答案解析:

 exchanged benefits and beliefs,

對應a reciprocityconducive

統計糾正錯誤

CF選項60%

AF選項15%

BF選項11%

CE選項5%

AE選項2%

2

In scientific inquiry, it becomes a matter of duty to expose a (i) _____ hypothesis to every possible kind of(ii) _____.

Blank(i)

Blank(ii)

  • A  tentative
  • B  well-established
  • C  debatable
  • D  correlation
  • E  approximation
  • F  examination

正確答案:AF

解析添加解析

答案解析:

在科學調查中,對試驗性的假設進行各種可能的檢查已經成為一種理所當然的事情。

 

inquiry表明第二空應該是examination,因為inquiry是調查,詢問的意思。

因為要把假設exposeexamination中,說明這個假設不可能是well-establishedtentative是指not definite or certain because you may want to change it later.

debatable是指not certain because people can have differant ideas about the things being discussed.

很明顯此處選擇tentative來修飾hypothesis更好。 

統計糾正錯誤

AF選項37%

BF選項17%

CF選項16%

AD選項9%

AE選項6%

3

Freud derived psychoanalytic knowledge of childhood indirectly: he (i) _____ childhood processes from adult(ii) _____.

Blank(i)

Blank(ii)

  • A  released
  • B  reconstructed
  • C  incorporated
  • D  memory
  • E  behavior
  • F  anticipation

 

 

正確答案:BD

解析:
空格1填入一個動詞,表示"他(he""兒童時代(childhood processes"做的動作,空格2填入一個名詞,表示"成年人(adult"的一種特徵,這種特徵和小孩兒有關。冒號前後語義重複,所以兩個空格填上後表達"間接得出(derived""indirectly"的含義。
翻譯:弗洛伊德間接得出兒童時代的心理分析知識:他通過成人的回憶來重建兒童時代的成長過程。
擴展:本題涉及到弗洛伊德的精神分析理論,我們可以通過他的著作來了解其理論和基本思想,同時了解關於精神分析的有關知識

統計糾正錯誤

BD選項53%

BE選項28%

CE選項6%

BF選項4%

AE選項3%

4

Clearly refuting skeptic, researchers have (i) _____ not only that gravitational radiation exists but that it also does exactly what theory (ii) _____ it should do.

Blank(i)

Blank(ii)

  • A  assumed
  • B  demonstrated
  • C  estimated
  • D  accepted
  • E  repudiated
  • F  predicted

 

 

正確答案:BF

解析添加解析

該題目前還沒有解析,您可以去添加解析

統計糾正錯誤

BF選項77%

BE選項7%

AF選項6%

BD選項5%

CF選項2%

5

A leading chemist believes that many scientists have difficulty with stereochemistry because much of the relevant nomenclature is (i) _____, in that it combines concepts that should be kept(ii) _____. 因為它結合了原本是應該被分開的觀念

Blank(i)

Blank(ii)

  • A  imprecise
  • B  specialized
  • C  descriptive
  • D  interrelated
  • E  intact
  • F  discrete

 

 

正確答案:AF

解析添加解析

答案解析:

空格1 填入一個形容詞,修飾"很多相關的術語(much of the relevant nomenclature"because 表達因果關係,所以空格1 應該表達"困難(difficulty"的含義。A 晦澀的""相關的;B 專業的""完好的;C 精細的""未受侵犯的;D 描述性的""分離的;E 不精確的""分離的,個體的。ABE 可以候選。空格2 填入一個形容詞,表示對"概念(concepts"的描述, in that 表達因果關係,因此空格2 填上後也要表達""的含義,所以,空格2 應該填和"結合(combines "相反的意思,即"把不應該結合的東西結合了"。這樣只有E 選項是正確的。

翻譯:一個泰斗級的化學家認為,許多科學家都感到立體化學很困難,因為很多相關的術語都不精確,原因是這些術語結合了本來應該分離的概念。

統計糾正錯誤

AF選項45%

AE選項12%

BD選項12%

BF選項11%

AD選項9%

6

Many industries are so (i) _____ by the impact of government sanctions, equipment failure, and foreign competition that they are beginning to rely on industrial psychologists to(ii) _____ what remains of employee morale.

Blank(i)

Blank(ii)

  • A  overruled
  • B  beleaguered
  • C  encouraged
  • D  determine
  • E  undermine
  • F  salvage

 

 

正確答案:BF

解析添加解析

答案解析:

beginning to表示一個時間轉折。前後對比。

前一空應該填一個負面詞彙,後一空填一個正面詞彙,排除CE

很多的industries因為政府的製裁陷入困境。。。(那一堆列舉不重要,直接看beginning後面)開始依賴於心理學家來拯救殘存的士氣。

答案確定BF

統計糾正錯誤

BF選項64%

AF選項14%

BD選項11%

AD選項6%

AE選項

 

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